Is Nepal a developed country? :- Nepal, with 33% of its population living beneath the poverty line, is among the world’s poorest and least developed countries. It is a landlocked nation with a rough geography, scarce natural resources and poor infrastructure.
It is, however, perceived as the only nation with low incomes to have made rapid strides in recent decades in reducing poverty and boosting public health and education. In any case, can these accomplishments are sufficient to be a developed nation?
What is the criteria for least developed country?
The WTO perceives those nations that have been classified as such by the United Nations as least developed countries (LDCs). The Least Developed Countries, as per the United Nations, are low-income countries that face significant structural impediments to sustainable development.
They are exceptionally vulnerable to economic and environmental shocks and have poor human resources levels.
A country is classified among the Least Developed Countries if it meets three criteria:
1) Poverty – an adjustable criterion calculated over three years based on GNI per capita. Starting at 2018, a nation must have less than US$ 1,025 per capita GNI to be included on the list, and over $1,230 to graduate from it.
2) Human resource weakness
3) Economic vulnerability (in light of instability of agrarian production, instability of exports of products and enterprises, economic significance of non-traditional activities, merchandise export concentration, handicap of economic smallness, and the percentage of populace dislodged by catastrophic disasters).
Nonetheless, in two progressive triennial assessments — 2015 and 2018, Nepal met set guidelines regarding human assets and economic vulnerability (based on the Human Assets Index and the Economic Vulnerability Index) and hence was entitled to be suggested for graduation. Yet, Nepal did not meet the requirements in the income group.
Because of this, the government of Nepal formally asked the UN not to include Nepal for graduation in the 2018 Triennial Examination from the least developed country (LDC) group. Nepal argued that graduation would not be sustainable without meeting the per capita income requirements.
What are the reasons why Nepal is not being developed?
It doesn’t automatically mean that being perhaps the most wonderful nations in the world, you’re developed, and it is quite difficult. In the world, like in Africa, there are numerous excellent which are poor and not developed. There may be different reasons behind Nepal is not being developed, yet here are some of the few.
1) Political instability
This is a major cause here. Every year, one government does not allow stability and, thus, no development. Nepal is as yet in a transition process, with our new 2015 Constitution still to be fully enforced, and unless democracy is institutionalized with periodic elections in Nepal, and we have a stable government, there is less hope for progress.
With strong local and provincial governments, we likewise have federalism now, and thus it very well might be messy for several years.
2) Lack of social unity:
Nepal is very diverse, with primarily three major groups, Khas-arya, the most dominant group, followed by Janajatis and the people of Madhesis/Terai, and there is no social unity because of different factors, for instance, discrimination, one group’s supremacy over others.
Until and except if, everyone from Hills to Terai Madhesh living in Nepal thinks that they are Nepali first and afterward be bound together, we’re going to have different disputes, bands, violence forever. It is not an easy and simple assignment yet very important.3) Over Politicization:
This is another concern why Nepal is very poor. Nepal have politicized everything from the bureaucracy to education, health care, foreign service to security forces (with the exception of the Nepal Army) and other state institutions, and what we do is appoint political people and the greater part of them are not capable people that can do a good job.
3) Lack of industrialization
Lack of industrialization has likewise made a void in Nepal’s under-development. Nepal does not have a wide market and the presence of political instability and oppression has forced investors to avoid the Nepalese market.
Industrialization is likewise the principle factor that progresses to the development path of a nation’s economy. The nation has many revenue resources, such as many herbs and shrubs, timber and many raw materials, yet all the resources available are steadily decreasing due to lack of proper use.
The government has not shown any interest in cultivating or has arranged for any FDI to use such tools to stabilize the nation.
4) Geographic Proximity:
Nepal is a land-locked nation and its neighbors are China and India. In spite of the fact that Nepal’s geography is often compared to Europe’s tiny nation like Switzerland, the apathy of the neighboring country towards Nepal is truly frustrating and disappointing.
In spite of the fact that Nepal has a longstanding relationship with India, Nepal is continually struggling hard to get the fundamental services. It is costly to invest in infrastructure and services in light of the rugged mountains. If well promoted, however, the adverse yet stunning landscapes can be good tourism properties.
5) Failed Diplomacy
What have we accomplished so far in the last two decades of global diplomacy to take benefits of the most impressive neighbors? –China and India. Not a penny.
This is Nepal’s failed diplomacy. In terms of utilizing their diplomatic abilities to solve the country’s dilemma, the last two years have been very positive for Nepal. The secret to the country’s growth should be this.
6) Lack of Positive and motivational thinkers:
Nepalese accuses others to an extreme. Regardless of whether it’s a political leader or a bureaucrat or a businessman or a citizen, individuals frequently feel comfortable blaming and forwarding the issue on to each other.
There are few Nepalese who are truly excited about Nepal’s possibilities and can be a good example for acknowledging what Nepal has. The young generation is little different, however in the modern world they have opportunities and alarmingly move to the developed nation.
In the last decade, there has been a lot of progress in education and telecommunication, yet few motivational speakers exist in Nepal to draw and empower young people to have a better future and prospects for what we have, rather than being a damaging miniature criticism.
In terms of accomplishments, Nepal needs to be more optimistic and certain.