Interesting Facts About Nepal:- Nepal is a beautiful country to experience and if you plan to travel to this country then there are many things that you should know about Nepal.
Nepal is also a very diverse country, which is also so beautiful. Check out the following 30 interesting facts about this most incredible country in the world.
30 SOME INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT NEPAL AND NEPALESE
1. The ancient history of Nepal began in the Kathmandu Valley and over the centuries, the boundaries extended to areas of today’s neighbouring countries such as India and China. It thrived as a resting place for two trade routes. As such, it became a cultural melting pot.
2. Prince Siddhartha Gautama of the Sakya royal family was born in the 6th century BC. Born near Lumbini, it is today considered a sacred sight. He grew up to embark on a path of contemplative thinking and meditation that led him to enlightenment, like the Buddha.
3. Hindu Kiratis, a Mongolian people, is known in history as the first known rulers of the Kathmandu valley in the 7th or 8th century BC. The north Indian people toppled the Kiratis in 300 ADS, and the country became predominantly Hindu. They marked the beginning of an era of flourishing commerce and cultural brilliance.
4. Nepal experienced a “dark age” of which little was known in the late 600s to 1200s. Both Tibet and Kashmir invaded the country in the ‘700s, but its strategic location ensured the survival and growth of the kingdom. The merit of having founded Kantipur (today’s Kathmandu) falls to King Gun Kamadeva in about the 10th century.
5. In the ninth century, a new lunar calendar was introduced, the Bikram Sambhat, which is still used today. It is about 67 years, eight and a half months before the Americans use the Gregorian calendar. The Nepalese New Year is in mid-April.
6. The age of the Malla kings was architecturally gilded. The 15th-century architect Arniko travelled to Lhasa and Beijing to design the pagoda and forever changed the appearance of religious temples in Asia. An earthquake in 1255 also killed one third of Nepal’s population during the reign of the Mesh.
7. Nepal was never colonized and dominated by foreigners in its history of border extension and contraction. That’s why Nepal does not celebrate Independence Day.
8. Renowned Gurkha soldiers from Nepal have always successfully protected their country. His motto is, “It’s better to die than to be a coward.” The British were so impressed by their ability to fight during the Indian wars. They have been an integral part of the British Army since 1815.
9. The shameful defeat of Nepal by the Chinese during an expansion effort ended with the Sugauli Treaty of 1816, which established the present borders of Nepal. In humiliation, Nepal parted for over a hundred years from all foreign contacts. They reopened their borders in 1951.
10. Nepal, which has fought to date from a constitutional monarchy with multi-party democracy to Maoist extremists and royal killings, is currently led by an elected president and an elected parliament.
11. The three main river systems of the Asian continent (Ganga-Brahmaputra, Yangtze and Indus) have the Himalayas as their source. This is because the Himalayas (after the two polar regions) is the third largest snow and ice reservoir globally, with around 15,000 glaciers containing about 3,000 cubic miles of water.
12. In the most mountainous part of Nepal in the north are eight of the ten highest mountains on earth, including the most famous, Mount Everest. Mount Everest is mainly located at 8,848 meters above sea level. Sherpas call it Sagarmatha (“Front of Heaven”).
13. Many explorers and climbers were killed as they tried to climb the summit before anyone succeeded. On May 29, 1953, the British explorer Sir Edmund Hillary and his Sherpa leader Tenzing Norgay reached the summit of Mount Everest and entered the history books permanently.
14. 25 years later, the Italian Reinhold Messner and the Austrian Peter Habeler were the first to reach the summit without additional oxygen, which is a feat in this thin atmosphere. Messner climbed again in 1980 Everest.
15. The Himalayas are home to the highest lake in the world (Tilicho at 4,800 meters) and the deepest lake in the world (Shey Phoksundo). In addition to Mount Everest, they also host eight of the ten highest mountains in the world. The area is the Sagarmatha National Park, established in 1976 as a protected area.
16. The Himalayan peak to the east is Nameha Barwa, and the westernmost is Nanga Parbat.
17. Nepal is geologically alive. The Australian indo plate under Nepal is still in motion and will travel 1,500 kilometres to Asia over the next 10 million years.
18. Nepal’s altitude differences are extreme. It has the highest valley in the world (Arun) and the deepest gorge (Kaligandaki) with a height of only 59 meters to the world of Everest of more than 8,848 meters. Chitwan is the highest meadow in the world.
19. Climatic differences accompany the height differences. From south to north, you can travel 100 kilometres from a warm tropical climate to the Arctic. The good news is that Nepal is a four-season destination.
20. In Nepal, the Kaligandaki River is older than the Himalayas and is the main ecological dividing line between the western and eastern Himalayas.
21. 250 endemic species of Nepal (and nowhere else on land). This is one of the reasons why Nepal is known as the Amazon of Asia.
22. With almost 870 different bird species, Nepal has more than the continents of North Africa and Europe. They are home to eight percent of the world’s bird species.
23. Nepal also hosts more than 650 different butterflies and the largest moth in the world (the Atlas Moth), and some of its largest wild bees.
24. Threatened species in Nepal are the beautiful snow leopard, the red panda and the rhino.
25. Nepal has never experienced ethnic or religious clashes and riots. Blood has never been shed in the name of the country’s religion. Instead, more than 80 ethnic groups live, and their people speak 123 different languages.
26. The people of Nepal greet each other with palms. They bow their brow and say “Namaste”, as in neighbouring India.
27. Nepal adores the only living goddesses in the world. Called Kumaris (literally meaning virgins); These prepubertal girls are chosen as girls and are considered earthly manifestations of female divine energy. They are incarnations of the goddess Taleju and live in temples, are worshipped by Buddhists and Hindus alike and are driven at festivals in cars. They retreat when they reach puberty.
28. It still has the highest proportion of Hindus in the world among its inhabitants. Cows are considered sacred, and it is illegal to kill one in Nepal. It is also your national animal.
29. Nepal has four characteristics listed on the World Heritage List. Two are cultural: the Kathmandu Valley (1979) and Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha (1997); and two are natural: Chitwan National Park (1984) and Sagarmatha National Park (1979).
30. The national flag of Nepal is the only one in the world that is not a rectangle or a square. It has two triangles; the upper part with the moon and the lower part with the sun. The triangles represent the Himalayas and the two main religions of Nepal: Hinduism and Buddhism. Although the current design was made in 1962, the basic design has been used in the country for more than 2,000 years.